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Surface-driven, one-step chemical vapor deposition of γ-Al4Cu9 complex metallic alloy film

Prud’homme, Nathalie and Duguet, Thomas and Samélor, Diane and Senocq, François and Vahlas, Constantin Surface-driven, one-step chemical vapor deposition of γ-Al4Cu9 complex metallic alloy film. (2013) Applied Surface Science, 283. 788-793. ISSN 0169-4332

(Document in English)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.07.019


The present paper is a paradigm for the one-step formation of complex intermetallic coatings by chemical vapor deposition. It genuinely addresses the challenge of depositing an intermetallic coating with comparable contents of Cu and Al. Depending on processing conditions, a pure γ-Al4Cu9 and multi-phase Al-Cu films are grown with wetting properties of the former being similar to its bulk counterpart. The deposition process and its parametric investigation are detailed. Two metalorganic precursors are used taking into account their transport and chemical properties, and deposition temperature ranges. On line and ex situ characterizations enlighten the competition which occurs at the growing surface between molecular fragments, and which limits growth rates. Notably, introducing a partial pressure of hydrogen gas during deposition reduces Al growth rate from dimethylethylamine alane (DMEAA), by displacing the hydrogen desorption equilibrium. This Al partial growth rate decrease is not sufficient to achieve a Cu/Al atomic ratio that is high enough for the formation of intermetallics with close Al and Cu compositions. A fivefold increase of the flux of the gaseous copper(I) cyclopentadienyl triethylphosphine CpCuPEt3, whereas the DMEAA flux remains constant, results in the targeted Al/Cu atomic ratio equal to 44/56. Nevertheless, the global growth rate is rendered extremely low by the deposition inhibition caused by a massive phosphine adsorption (-PEt3). Despite these limitations, the results pave the way towards the conformal coating of complex surface geometries by such intermetallic compounds.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Applied Surface Science website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169433213013275?via=ihub
HAL Id:hal-00966984
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Paris-Sud 11 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Deposited On:27 Mar 2014 15:41

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