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Trailing-edge dynamics and morphing of a deformable flat plate at high Reynolds number by time-resolved PIV

Chinaud, Maxime and Rouchon, Jean-François and Duhayon, Eric and Scheller, Johannes and Cazin, Sébastien and Marchal, Moise and Braza, Marianna Trailing-edge dynamics and morphing of a deformable flat plate at high Reynolds number by time-resolved PIV. (2014) Journal of Fluids and Structures, 47. 41-54. ISSN 0889-9746

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2014.02.007


The present paper investigates the turbulent wake structure in the near-region past the trailing edge of a deformable inclined plate. The plate is actuated by shape memory alloys. Using these actuators a significant deformation (bending) can be achieved (≈10%≈10% of the chord) under the aerodynamic loads corresponding to a Reynolds number of 200 000. The shear-layer dynamics as well as the mean velocity and turbulent stresses have been quantified for a reference case (flat plate inclined at 10°). The present study investigates the modification of the shear-layer and near-wake dynamics achieved by means of the dynamic deformation of the plate compared with static cases that include three intermediate positions of the deformed plate. The comparison of the static cases with the dynamic regime discusses the validity of the quasi-static hypothesis for the present low frequency actuation. It is found that the present actuation enhances the shearing mechanisms past the trailing-edge and modifies the von-Kármán mode as well as the structure of the shear-layer, Kelvin–Helmholtz eddies. Moreover, the increase of the bending enhances the appearance of the pairing mechanism between successive shear-layer eddies and the interaction between the von-Kármán and shear-layer instability modes. Furthermore, it has been found that the increase of the plate׳s curvature leads to an attenuation of the shear-layer amplitude and of the overall spectral energy, concerning the most deformed position

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889974614000231
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:31 Mar 2014 08:01

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