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Characterization of protein-protein interactions involved in auxin signaling pathway in tomato

Wang, Xinyu. Characterization of protein-protein interactions involved in auxin signaling pathway in tomato. PhD, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2013

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Official URL: http://ethesis.inp-toulouse.fr/archive/00002526/

Abstract

The plant hormone auxin plays a central role in plant growth and development. The specific Aux/IAAs and Auxin Response Factors (ARFs) interactions are involved in auxin signaling pathway to regulate the auxin-responsive gene expression. Studies in Arabidopsis showed that TOPLESS family (TPLs) also was recruited by some Aux/IAAs to repress the function of ARFs. The whole machinery of the auxin signaling pathway is not clear yet, and most of this knowledge comes from the research on Arabidopsis. As a reference for Solanaceae and fleshy fruit plant, tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) is a good alternative model to better understand general traits of the auxin regulation process. In our work, we first established in our labs three experimental protocols – Yeast two-Hybrid, Pull-down and Bifluorescence complementation to unravel protein-protein interactions. These methods were first challenged on specific Aux/IAA and ARF proteins that were already characterized as major actors in fruit tomato development or ripening (SlIAA9, SlARF8, SlIAA3, SlARF4, SlIAA27). This also enabled us to build an ARF-Aux/IAA interaction map. In a second part, taking advantage of the tomato genome sequence, we carried a whole-genome study on tomato TOPLESS family. This investigation included gene cloning and characterization, protein sequence analysis, phylogenetic analyses, expression pattern and construction of protein-protein interaction maps. In a last part, we developed tools to start a non-targeted approach aiming at identifying new potential partners or protein complex involved in auxin signaling pathway using BY-2 tobacco cell protoplasts transiently expressing tagged-proteins. Although this study is still preliminary, it demonstrated the importance of nucleus integrity for Aux/IAA stability even in absence of auxin.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
BOUZAYEN, Mondher and VAN DER REST, Benoît
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Deposited On:18 Feb 2014 22:58

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