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Falling styles of disks

Auguste, Franck and Magnaudet, Jacques and Fabre, David Falling styles of disks. (2013) Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 719. 388-405. ISSN 0022-1120

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2012.602

Abstract

We numerically investigate the dynamics of thin disks falling under gravity in a viscous fluid medium at rest at infinity. Varying independently the density and thickness of the disk reveals the influence of the disk aspect ratio which, contrary to previous belief, is found to be highly significant as it may completely change the route to non-vertical paths as well as the boundaries between the various path regimes. The transition from the straight vertical path to the planar fluttering regime is found to exhibit complex dynamics: a bistable behaviour of the system is detected within some parameter range and several intermediate regimes are observed in which, although the wake is unstable, the path barely deviates from vertical. By varying independently the body-to-fluid inertia ratio and the relative magnitude of inertial and viscous effects over a significant range, we set up a comprehensive map of the corresponding styles of path followed by an infinitely thin disk. We observe the four types of planar regimes already reported in experiments but also identify two additional fully three-dimensional regimes in which the body experiences a slow horizontal precession superimposed onto zigzagging or tumbling motions.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Cambridge university press. The original publication is available at http://journals.cambridge.org
HAL Id:hal-00908124
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - Toulouse INP (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT3 (FRANCE)
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Deposited On:22 Nov 2013 12:03

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