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Kinetics of dioxygen reduction on gold and glassy carbon electrodes in neutral media

Gotti, Guillaume and Fajerwerg, Katia and Evrard, David and Gros, Pierre Kinetics of dioxygen reduction on gold and glassy carbon electrodes in neutral media. (2013) International Journal of Electrochemical Science, vol. 8 (n° 1). pp. 12643 -12657. ISSN 1452-3981

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Abstract

The electrochemical reduction of dioxygen (O₂) has been studied on bulk gold (Au) and glassy carbon (GC) electrodes in aqueous neutral solution close to blood ionic composition. The mechanism was found to involve two successive bielectronic steps with hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) as the reaction intermediate whatever the electrode material used. On Au, O₂ and H₂O₂ were reduced at close potentials. The determination of the kinetic parameters of O₂ electroreduction was thus achieved after removing the cathodic current corresponding to H₂O₂ reduction. Cyclic voltammograms exhibited one cathodic peak whose both current density (jp) and potential (Ep) evolution as a function of potential scan rate (r) was in accordance with Randles Sevcik and Nicholson-Shain equations, respectively. Rotating disk electrode (RDE) voltammetry was also performed and the data were analyzed using the Koutecky-Levich relationship. The effective number of electrons (n) was found to be roughly independent of the potential and close to n = 2 when removing H₂O₂ reduction current whereas it gradually increased up to n = 4 while considering the total current. The Tafel slopes allowed the cathodic transfer coefficients (Beta n) to be calculated in several neutral aqueous electrolytes. Values varied from 0.25 to 0.49 and were systematically higher on Au than on GC electrode. Similar results were obtained with Tafel slopes deduced from Butler Volmer exploitation of the current-potential curves.

Item Type:Article
HAL Id:hal-00881075
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: David Evrard
Deposited On:07 Nov 2013 13:21

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