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Significance of floods in metal dynamics and export in a small agricultural catchment

Roussiez, Vincent and Probst, Anne and Probst, Jean-Luc Significance of floods in metal dynamics and export in a small agricultural catchment. (2013) Journal of Hydrology, 499. 71-81. ISSN 0022-1694

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.06.013

Abstract

High-resolution monitoring of water discharge and water sampling were performed between early October 2006 and late September 2007 in the Montoussé River, a permanent stream draining an experimental agricultural catchment in Gascogne region (SW France). Dissolved and particulate concentrations of major elements and trace metals (i.e. Al, Fe, Mn, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Sc and Zn) were examined. Our results showed that contamination levels were deficient to moderate, as a result of sustainable agricultural practices. Regarding dynamics, metal partitioning between particulate and dissolved phases was altered during flood conditions: the particulate phase was diluted by coarser and less contaminated particles from river bottom and banks, whereas the liquid phase was rapidly enriched owing to desorption mechanisms. Soluble/reactive elements were washed-off from soils at the beginning of the rain episode. The contribution of the flood event of May 2007 (by far the most significant episode over the study period) to the annual metal export was considerable for particulate forms (72–82%) and moderate for dissolved elements (0–20%). The hydrological functioning of the Montoussé stream poses dual threat on ecosystems, the consequences of which differ from both temporal and spatial scales: (i) desorption processes at the beginning of floods induce locally a rapid enrichment (up to 3.4-fold the pre-flood signatures on average for the event of May 2007) of waters in bioavailable metals, and (ii) labile metals – enriched by anthropogenic sources – associated to particles (mainly via carbonates and Fe/Mn oxides), were predominantly transferred during floods into downstream-connected rivers.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022169413004484
HAL Id:hal-00906410
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Anne PROBST
Deposited On:29 Oct 2013 10:10

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