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The Role of Biodiversity in the Functioning of Freshwater and Marine Benthic Ecosystems

Covich, Alan P. and Austen, Melanie C. and Bärlocher, Felix and Chauvet, Eric and Cardinale, Bradley J. and Biles, Catherine L. and Inchausti, Pablo and Dangles, Olivier and Solan, Martin and Gessner, Mark O. and Statzner, Bernhard and Moss, Brian The Role of Biodiversity in the Functioning of Freshwater and Marine Benthic Ecosystems. (2004) Bioscience, 54 (8). 767-775. ISSN 0006-3568

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[0767:TROBIT]2.0.CO;2

Abstract

Empirical studies investigating the role of species diversity in sustaining ecosystem processes have focused primarily on terrestrial plant and soil communities. Eighteen representative studies drawn from post-1999 literature specifically examined how changes in biodiversity affect benthic ecosystem processes. Results from these small-scale, low-diversity manipulative studies indicate that the effects of changes in biodiversity (mostly synonymous with local species richness) are highly variable over space and time and frequently depend on specific biological traits or functional roles of individual species. Future studies of freshwater and marine ecosystems will require the development of new experimental designs at larger spatial and temporal scales. Furthermore, to successfully integrate field and laboratory studies, the derivation of realistic models and appropriate experiments will require approaches different from those already used in terrestrial systems.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to OUP editor. The definitive version is available at http://bioscience.oxfordjournals.org The original PDF of the article can be found at Bioscience website : http://bioscience.oxfordjournals.org/content/54/8/767.full
HAL Id:hal-01320956
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology - EAWAG (SWITZERLAND)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Claude Bernard-Lyon I - UCBL (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of St Andrews (UNITED KINGDOM)
Other partners > Mount Allison University - MTA (CANADA)
Other partners > Plymouth Marine Laboratory - PML (UNITED KINGDOM)
Other partners > University of Aberdeen - ABDN (UNITED KINGDOM)
Other partners > University of Georgia - UGA (USA)
Other partners > University of Liverpool (UNITED KINGDOM)
Other partners > Université François-Rabelais de Tours (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of Wisconsin - Madison (USA)
Other partners > Université de Rennes 1 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Eric Chauvet
Deposited On:24 May 2016 13:46

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