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Intensity estimation of non-homogeneous Poisson processes from shifted trajectories

Bigot, Jérémie and Gadat, Sébastien and Klein, Thierry and Marteau, Clément Intensity estimation of non-homogeneous Poisson processes from shifted trajectories. (2013) Electronic Journal of Statistics, 7. 881-931. ISSN 1935-7524

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1214/13-EJS794

Abstract

In this paper, we consider the problem of estimating nonparametrically a mean pattern intensity λ from the observation of n independent and non-homogeneous Poisson processes N1,…,Nn on the interval [0,1]. This problem arises when data (counts) are collected independently from n individuals according to similar Poisson processes. We show that estimating this intensity is a deconvolution problem for which the density of the random shifts plays the role of the convolution operator. In an asymptotic setting where the number n of observed trajectories tends to infinity, we derive upper and lower bounds for the minimax quadratic risk over Besov balls. Non-linear thresholding in a Meyer wavelet basis is used to derive an adaptive estimator of the intensity. The proposed estimator is shown to achieve a near-minimax rate of convergence. This rate depends both on the smoothness of the intensity function and the density of the random shifts, which makes a connection between the classical deconvolution problem in nonparametric statistics and the estimation of a mean intensity from the observations of independent Poisson processes.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse - Jean Jaurès - UT2J (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UT1 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Statistics:download
Deposited By: Jérémie Bigot
Deposited On:06 Sep 2013 15:38

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