Prévost, Raoul and Coulon, Martial and Bonacci, David and LeMaitre, Julia and Millerioux, Jean-Pierre and Tourneret, Jean-Yves Cyclic redundancy check-based detection algorithms for automatic identification system signals received by satellite. (2013) International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking, vol. 31 (n°4). pp. 157-176. ISSN 1542-0973
(Document in English)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sat.1030
This paper addresses the problem of demodulating signals transmitted in the automatic identification system. The main characteristics of such signals consist of two points: (i) they are modulated using a trellis-coded modulation, more precisely a Gaussian minimum shift keying modulation; and (ii) they are submitted to a bit stuffing procedure, which makes more difficult the detection of the transmitted information bits. This paper presents several demodulation algorithms developed in different contexts: mono-user and multi-user transmissions, and known/unknown phase shift. The proposed receiver uses the cyclic redundancy check (CRC) present in the automatic identification system signals for error correction and not for error detection only. By using this CRC, a particular Viterbi algorithm, on the basis of a so-called extended trellis, is developed. This trellis is defined by extended states composed of a trellis code state and a CRC state. Moreover, specific conditional transitions are defined to take into account the possible presence of stuffing bits. The algorithms proposed in the multi-user scenario present a small increase of computation complexity with respect to the mono-user algorithms. Some performance results are presented for several scenarios in the context of the automatic identification system and compared with those of existing techniques developed in similar scenarios.
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