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Aggregation of silica nanoparticles in concentrated suspensions under turbulent, shear and extensional flows

Anne-Archard, Dominique and D'Olce, Marguerite and Tourbin, Mallorie and Frances, Christine Aggregation of silica nanoparticles in concentrated suspensions under turbulent, shear and extensional flows. (2013) Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 95. pp. 184-193. ISSN 0009-2509

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2013.03.005

Abstract

The production of nanoparticles in concentrated suspensions requires strict control of the stability of the systems which are strongly influenced by the physico-chemical properties and the hydrodynamic conditions they are placed in. This study deals with the analysis of the aggregation processes of a colloidal silica suspension destabilized by addition of salt under different flows: a turbulent flow performed in a stirred tank, a pure shear flow created thanks to a Couette geometry and an extensional flow obtained in a four-roll mill (Taylor cell). During the aggregation process, the silica suspensions behave as shear-thinning fluids and the variation of their apparent viscosity can be related to the evolution of the size distribution of the aggregates in the suspension. Pure shear and turbulent flows at an equivalent strain rate exhibit almost the same behaviour. The viscosity and the aggregate size decrease with the shear rate. On the contrary, the apparent viscosity and the aggregate size distributions were not very sensitive to a change of an extensional constraint within the considered range. Indeed, although aggregates obtained in the Taylor cell were bigger than in the Couette cell, the apparent viscosity was higher in the latter case. Different aggregate structures, characterized by their fractal dimension, were finally predicted depending on the hydrodynamic nature of the main flow under which they were produced.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2013.03.005
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Dominique ANNE ARCHARD
Deposited On:16 Jul 2013 09:15

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