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Digital waveguide simulation of convex acoustic pipes

Mignot, Rémi and Hélie, Thomas and Matignon, Denis Digital waveguide simulation of convex acoustic pipes. (2010) In: 13th International conference on Digital Audio Effects, DAFx’10, 06-10 Sep 2010, Graz, Austria .

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Abstract

This work deals with the physical modelling of acoustic pipes for real-time simulation, using the “Digital Waveguide Network” approach and the horn equation. With this approach, a piece of pipe is represented by a two-port system with a loop which involves two delays for wave propagation, and some subsystems without internal delay. A well-known form of this system is the “Kelly-Lochbaum” framework. It allows the reduction of the computation complexity and it gives a physically meaningful interpretation of the involving subsystems. In this paper, we focus this work on the simulation of pipes with a convex profile, for which a curvature coefficient is constant and negative. In the literature, it has been shown that such pipes have trapped modes. With the formalism of automatic control, adapted for “Waveguides”, we meet some substates of the system which do not take effect on the outputs. But, using the “Kelly-Lochbaum” framework with the horn equation, two problems occur: first, even if the outputs are bounded, some substates have their values which diverge; second, there is an infinite number of such substates. The system is then unstable and cannot be simulated as such. The solution of this problem is obtained with two steps. First, we show that there is a simple standard form compatible with the “Waveguide” approach, for which there is an infinite number of solutions which preserve the input/output relations. Second, we look for one solution which guarantees the stability of the system and which makes easier the approximation in order to get a low-cost simulation.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE-SUPAERO (FRANCE)
Other partners > Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique - IRCAM (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Denis Matignon
Deposited On:25 Apr 2013 15:00

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