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Low filled conductive P(VDF-TrFE) composites: Influence of silver particles aspect ratio on percolation threshold from spheres to nanowires

Lonjon, Antoine and Demont, Philippe and Dantras, Eric and Lacabanne, Colette Low filled conductive P(VDF-TrFE) composites: Influence of silver particles aspect ratio on percolation threshold from spheres to nanowires. (2012) Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 358 (23). 3074-3078. ISSN 0022-3093

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.09.006

Abstract

Polymer composites filled with silver nanowires enable the highest value of electrical conductivity known up to now in the case of conductive nanoparticle dispersion with a percolation threshold less than 1 vol%. Silver nanowires with high aspect ratio were elaborated by two types of synthesis: electrochemical deposition in a template and polyol synthesis. For the first time the influence of each kind of nanowires in composites was studied and compared to spherical nanoparticles as reference. The value of percolation threshold and conductivity level above the percolation threshold were measured and compared. These silver nanowires were introduced into poly(vinylidenedifluoride-trifluoroethylene) in comparison to spherical silver nanoparticles. The preparation method modified the effective aspect ratio of nanowires. The low percolation threshold and the microscopy observations confirmed the good dispersion of nanowires in composites. The lowest percolation threshold was determined in the case of the polyol synthesis nanowires (0.63 vol%) in comparison with electrochemical deposited nanowires (2.2 vol%). The level of conductivity above the percolation threshold obtained with each kind of particles is in the same range near 100 S.m− 1. The value of electrical conductivity obtained above the percolation threshold is unusual at this low content of conductive filler and is observed for the first time in a conductive polymer composite.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The original PDF of the article can be found at Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00223093
HAL Id:hal-00864886
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UPS (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: cirimat webmestre
Deposited On:23 Sep 2013 12:30

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