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Study of New Miniaturized Microwave Devices based on Ratchet Effect in an Environment of Asymmetric Nano-Scatterers

Medhat Abdel Maksoud, Dina. Study of New Miniaturized Microwave Devices based on Ratchet Effect in an Environment of Asymmetric Nano-Scatterers. PhD, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2012

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Official URL: http://ethesis.inp-toulouse.fr/archive/00001985/

Abstract

Nanotechnology is a growing field that has attracted significant research attention due to its unlimited potential applications. Millimeter wave technology is another interesting field that plays a leading role in the development of wireless communications systems. Combining these two advanced research fields together, has given rise to the innovation of the Ratchet Device which is now a new challenging application. This device has a nanoscale size and its concept of operation consists of generating a DC voltage when radiating a two-dimensional electron gas based device with microwave energy. The aim of this thesis is in trying to improve the device response and hence opening new perspectives in the fabrication of high frequency field detectors on the nanoscale level. Unfortunately, the current Ratchet Devices, based on semiconductor heterostructures, realized till now, operate at low temperatures to ensure high electron mobility. This condition necessitates the use of a complex experimental setup that has a great impact on the induced voltage and on the reproducibility of the observed Ratchet phenomenon. In this context, the work performed within the framework of this thesis has addressed this problem in two parts. The first part concerns the electromagnetic analysis of the experimental setup behavior. This has been achieved by implementing intensive full wave electromagnetic simulations. Different solutions have been proposed to optimize the setup and thus enhance the Ratchet voltage produced. In addition to the electromagnetic study, some modulation measurements have been performed to test the feasibility of the Ratchet Device as an amplitude demodulator. The second part of this thesis deals with the study of the material composing the Ratchet Device. Recently, graphene has started to invade the scientific and the technological world with its fascinating electronic properties, such as its high electron mobility at room temperature, which distinguishes it from conventional materials that typically collide with obstacles. As a result, the idea of fabricating a Ratchet Device based on graphene instead of semiconductor heterojunctions has been introduced. Several design models, characterizations and RF measurements have been performed in order to obtain a reliable Ratchet Device suitable for many practical applications at room temperature. This has been done in the microwave frequency range and can also extend to the terahertz band.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
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Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
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Research Director:
Aubert, Hervé and Takacs, Alexandru
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Deposited On:11 Jan 2013 22:57

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