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Study of the biosynthesis pathway of the geosmin in Penicillium expansum

Siddique, Muhammad Hussnain. Study of the biosynthesis pathway of the geosmin in Penicillium expansum. PhD, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2012

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Official URL: http://ethesis.inp-toulouse.fr/archive/00001986/

Abstract

Geosmin is a terpenoid, an earthy-musty compound associated with off-flavors in water and wine. In bacteria, the biosynthesis pathway of geosmin is well characterized, but little is known about its biosynthesis in eukaryotes, especially in filamentous fungi. The origin of geosmin in grapevine is largely attributable to the presence of Penicillium expansum on grapes. In this thesis, we have described the characterization and analysis of "gpe1", a gene encoding a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase probably involved in the biosynthesis of geosmin in P. expansum M2230, in order to better understand of the biosynthesis pathway of geosmin in this species. We demonstrated that the two DNA fragments i.e. p450-1 and p450-2 belong to a single cytochrome p450 gene (gpe1). We showed that the deduced amino acid sequence of gpe1 has an average identity of 40 % with PbP450-2 and P450-4 enzymes which have been found involved in indole diterpene synthesis and in gibberellin synthesis respectively. Then, the results of PCRs performed on the fourteen Penicillium species showed that only Penicillium species which were producers of geosmin gave the same fragment of ~1.2 kb like gpe1. Analysis of the gpe1 gene enabled us to identify the presence of some conserved domains of cytochromes P450 monoxygenases in the amino acid sequence of gpe1. Then, the functional characterization of the gpe1 gene in P. expansum M2230 was described. We illustrated that the mutants of gpe1 lost their potential to produce geosmin whereas the reverse complements of gpe1 restored their potential to produce geosmin. Finally, we demonstrated that a putative polyketide synthase and a putative NRPS-like enzyme are present on the right side of the gpe1 gene suggesting that gpe1 gene might be the part of a gene cluster encoding the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Bioprocédés et systèmes microbiens (BioSyM)
Research Director:
Lebrihi, Ahmed and Liboz, Thierry
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Deposited By: admin admin
Deposited On:18 Dec 2012 22:58

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