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Caracterization of the polyketide synthases involved in biosynthesis of ochratoxin A, penicillic acid, asperlactone and isoasperlactone in aspergillus westerdijkiae (a molecular approach)

Bacha, Nafees. Caracterization of the polyketide synthases involved in biosynthesis of ochratoxin A, penicillic acid, asperlactone and isoasperlactone in aspergillus westerdijkiae (a molecular approach). PhD, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2009

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Official URL: http://ethesis.inp-toulouse.fr/archive/00000942/

Abstract

Aspergillus westerdijkiaem which is recently dismembered from A. ochraceusm is the principal producer of several economically important polyketide metabolites. These metabolites include ochratoxin A, mellein, penicillic acid, asperlactone and isoasperlactone and some intermediates like orsellinic acid and 6-methylsalicylic acid. The biosynthesis of these metabolites is catalyzed by a group of enzymes known as polyketide synthases (PKSs). This work was aimed to clone and functionally characterized various PKS i.e. aoks1, aolc35-12 and aomsas, and polyketide synthasesnon ribosomal peptide synthase (PKS-NRPS) genes i.e. aolc35-6, in A. westerdijkiae. These genes were inactivated by the insertion of Escherichia coli hygromycin B phosphotransferase gene in the genome of A. westerdijkiae to obtain aoΔks1, aoΔlc35-12, aoΔmsas and aoΔlc35-6 mutants. aoΔks1, aoΔlc35-12 mutants were found deficient in ochratoxin A biosynthesis but are still producing mellein. To our knowledge, we for the first time characterized a gene involved in OTA biosynthesis, with the information about mellein which was proposed in the literature to be an intermediate OTA. Further aoΔmsas mutant not only lost the capacity to produce isoasperlactone and asperlactone but also the intermediate nature product 6-methylsalicylic acid. Based on the genetic characterization and chemical complementation experiments, we have proposed a hypothetical pathway mentioning that 6-methylsalicylic acid, diepoxid and aspyrone are intermediates of isoasperlactone and asperlactone. Gene knockout technique and reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) shown that the only PKS-NRPS gene aolc35-6 so far identified in A. westerdijkiae encoding certain unknown intermediate(s) which induces the expression of aomsas gene and a gene involved in the biosynthesis of orsellinic acid and penicillic acid.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Bioprocédés et systèmes microbiens (BioSyM)
Research Director:
Lebrihi, Ahmed and Mathieu, Florence
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