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Safe navigation for vehicles

Spangenberg, Mariana. Safe navigation for vehicles. PhD, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2009

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Official URL: http://ethesis.inp-toulouse.fr/archive/00000850/

Abstract

Satellite navigation has acquired an increased importance during these last years, on the one hand due to the imminent appearance of the European GALILEO system that will complement the American GPS, and on the other hand due to the great success it has encountered in the commercial civil market. An important part of this success is based on the technological development at the receiver level that has rendered satellite navigation possible even in difficult environments. Today's objective is to prepare the utilisation of this kind of signals for land vehicle applications demanding high precision positioning. One of the main challenges within this research domain, which cannot be addressed by classical coupling techniques, is related to the system capability to provide reliable position estimations. The enhancement in dead-reckoning technologies (i.e. size reduction of MEMS-based sensors or gyroscopes) cannot all by itself reach the necessary confidence levels if exploited with classical localization and integration algorithms. Indeed, these techniques provide a position estimation whose reliability or confidence level it is very difficult to quantify. The feasibility of these applications relies not only on an extensive research to enhance the navigation algorithm performances in harsh scenarios, but also and in parallel, on the possibility to maintain, thanks to the presence of additional sensors, a high confidence level on the position estimation even in the absence of satellite navigation signals.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National des Etudes Spatiales - CNES
Université de Toulouse > Ecole Nationale de l'Aviation Civile - ENAC
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE
Other partners > Rockwell Collins (FRANCE)
Other partners > Thales (FRANCE)
Other partners > Telecom ParisTech (FRANCE)
Other partners > Direction Générale de l’Aviation Civile - DGAC (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Research Director:
Tourneret, Jean-Yves
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Deposited By:admin admin

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