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Numerical investigation of aeroacoustic interaction in the turbulent subsonic fow past an open cavity

Gandhi, Thangasivam. Numerical investigation of aeroacoustic interaction in the turbulent subsonic fow past an open cavity. PhD, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, 2010

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Official URL: http://ethesis.inp-toulouse.fr/archive/00001171/

Abstract

The objective of this thesis is to study numerically the aeroacoustics of low Mach number (M inf 0.3) fow with thick turbulent boundary layer past a cavity based on Large Eddy Simulation (LES). Velocity profiles from power law and equilibrium turbulent boundary layer were imposed as inlet conditions on the computational domain. The equilibrium turbulent boundary layer profles (zero and adverse pressure gradient) have been generated using a symptotic approach with an improved mixing length model. A good agreement is observed between the computed boundary layer profiles and the profiles obtained from experiments and direct numerical simulations. LES results present the infuence of the thickness of the incoming turbulent boundary layers on the mode of oscillation in the shallow cavity of L/D=4. An agreement with the experiments of Haigermoser and the shear mode have been found for the upstream velocity 5.8m/s. Wake mode was observed for the other two test cases at 20 and 40m/s. A 3D cavity simulation is performed to show that the wake mode observed in the 2D calculations is an artifact. The hydrodynamic pressure feld obtained from the 2D simulation is used as an input to the acoustic analogy (Lighthill-Curle's analogy), to compute the acoustic pressure feld at the near and far feld of the cavities. Conforming the experiments of Haigermoser, a weak directivity of sound propagation was observed. Shear mode infuences the sound pressure levels strongly.

Item Type:PhD Thesis
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Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
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Research Director:
Kourta, Azeddine and Airiau, Christophe
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