Schreck, Eva and Foucault, Yann and Sarret, Géraldine and Sobanska, Sophie and Cécillon, Lauric and Castrec-Rouelle, Maryse and Uzu, Gaëlle and Dumat, Camille Metal and metalloid foliar uptake by various plant species exposed to atmospheric industrial fallout: Mechanisms involved for lead. (2012) Science of The Total Environment, vol. 427-428 . pp. 253-262. ISSN 0048-9697
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.03.051
Fine and ultrafine metallic particulatematters (PMs) are emitted frommetallurgic activities in peri-urban zones into the atmosphere and can be deposited in terrestrial ecosystems. The foliar transfer ofmetals andmetalloids and their fate in plant leaves remain unclear, although this way of penetration may be a major contributor to the transfer of metals into plants. This study focused on the foliar uptake of various metals and metalloids from enriched PM(Cu, Zn, Cd, Sn, Sb, As, and especially lead (Pb)) resulting fromthe emissions of a battery-recycling factory.Metal and metalloid foliar uptake by various vegetable species, exhibiting different morphologies, use (food or fodder) and life-cycle (lettuce, parsley and rye-grass) were studied. The mechanisms involved in foliar metal transfer from atmospheric particulate matter fallout, using lead (Pb) as a model element was also investigated. Several complementary techniques (micro-X-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry) were used to investigate the localization and the speciation of lead in their edible parts, i.e. leaves. The results showed lead-enriched PM on the surface of plant leaves. Biogeochemical transformations occurred on the leaf surfaces with the formation of lead secondary species (PbCO3 and organic Pb). Some compounds were internalized in their primary form (PbSO4) underneath an organic layer. Internalization through the cuticle or penetration through stomata openings are proposed as two major mechanisms involved in foliar uptake of particulate matter.
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