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Assessment and Modeling of a Sequential Process for Water Treatment—Adsorption and Batch CWAO Regeneration of Activated Carbon

Julcour-Lebigue, Carine and Krou, Nguessan Joachim and Andriantsiferana, Caroline and Wilhelm, Anne-Marie and Delmas, Henri Assessment and Modeling of a Sequential Process for Water Treatment—Adsorption and Batch CWAO Regeneration of Activated Carbon. (2012) Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 51 (n° 26). pp. 8867-8874. ISSN 0888-5885

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie2020312

Abstract

A new sequential process, AD–OX, for (post)treatment of water polluted by poorly biodegradable organic compounds has been investigated. It is based on hybridizing classical adsorption on a fixed bed of activated carbon (AC) followed by batch wet catalytic oxidation at higher temperature and pressure on the same bed of AC, which is then regenerated in situ. The basic idea is to take advantage of both operations: 1-efficient water purification at room temperature by adsorption, 2-effective concentrated pollutant degradation by batch air oxidation achieving simultaneously AC regeneration. A small fixed bed reactor, 10 mm diameter, 0.18 m long, filled with granular activated carbon and equipped with convenient 3-way valves, may achieve successively the two main steps. Several AD–OX cycles have been performed with a phenol solution to quantify the regeneration of the activated carbon adsorption capacity. Results show that activated carbon is quickly damaged during the first cycles, due to oxidative coupling, but then a quasi-steady state is obtained proving that significant oxidative regeneration has been achieved. A dynamic model of the adsorption step has been first developed, including intraparticle diffusion, liquid–solid external mass transfer, and axial dispersion of the liquid phase. It has been applied to simulate the performance of the regenerated activated carbon. Using oxidation kinetics over this aged carbon and its adsorption isotherm, separately determined in an autoclave at reaction temperature, the oxidation step after several cycles has been simulated including the heating period, where desorption and oxidation simultaneously occur. The proposed model conveniently predicts the complex phenol concentration–time profile and gives insight to the hydrodynamic behavior of the recycle reactor and the role of mass transfer resistances.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Réaction, mélange & séparation (RMS)
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Deposited By: Carine JULCOUR
Deposited On:28 Sep 2012 11:27

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