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Thermodynamic Insights on the Feasibility of Homogeneous Batch Extractive Distillation. 4. Azeotropic Mixtures with Intermediate Boiling Entrainer

Rodriguez-Donis, Ivonne and Gerbaud, Vincent and Joulia, Xavier Thermodynamic Insights on the Feasibility of Homogeneous Batch Extractive Distillation. 4. Azeotropic Mixtures with Intermediate Boiling Entrainer. (2012) Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 51 (n° 18). pp. 6489-6501. ISSN 0888-5885

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie2019432


This paper shows how knowledge of the univolatility and nidistribution line location and residue curve analysis help to assess the feasibility of batch extractive rectifying or stripping distillation of azeotropic mixtures by using an intermediate boiling entrainer. We consider five minimum boiling (minT) azeotropic mixtures AB with entrainer E, namely, acetone−heptane with benzene, methanol−toluene with triethylamine, methyl acetate−cyclohexane with carbon tetrachloride, dichloromethane−ethanol with acetone, and ethyl acetate−heptane with benzene; and one maximum boiling (maxT) azeotropic mixture, namely, chloroform−ethyl acetate with either 2-chlorobutane, isobutylchloride, bromopropane, or bromochloromethane. All ternary diagrams A−B−E belong to the 1.0-1b class, for which all three possible univolatility, !AB, !BE, and !AE, and unidistribution lines, KA, KB, and KE can exist. With application of the general feasibility criterion of Rodriguez-Donis et al. (Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2009, 48 (7), 3544−3559), both azeotropic components, A and B, accomplish the criterion, and they can be recovered, A in an extractive rectifier and B in an extractive stripper. The process efficiency of each alternative depends strongly on the location of the !AB univolatility line interception with the triangle edge, and also depends on the !BE (!AE) in the minT (maxT) case and of the unidistribution line KE closeness to the (E−B) (A−E) edge. Besides, choice of the rectification of A instead of the stripping of B is set by the ratio of !AE/!BE, the ratio of relative volatility variation of the binary mixtures between A or B and E.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at http://pubs.acs.org/ The original PDF of the article can be found at Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research website : http://pubs.acs.org/journal/iecred
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > Instituto Superior de Tecnologias y Ciencias Aplicadas - InSTEC (CUBA)
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Procédé et Système Industriels - PSI - Analyse Fonctionnelle des Procédés
Deposited By:Vincent GERBAUD

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