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Spectral mixture analysis of EELS spectrum-images

Dobigeon, Nicolas and Brun, Nathalie Spectral mixture analysis of EELS spectrum-images. (2012) Ultramicroscopy, vol. 120 . pp. 25-34. ISSN 0304-3991

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultramic.2012.05.006

Abstract

Recent advances in detectors and computer science have enabled the acquisition and the processing of multidimensional datasets, in particular in the field of spectral imaging. Benefiting from these new developments, Earth scientists try to recover the reflectance spectra of macroscopic materials (e.g., water, grass, mineral types...) present in an observed scene and to estimate their respective proportions in each mixed pixel of the acquired image. This task is usually referred to as spectral mixture analysis or spectral unmixing (SU). SU aims at decomposing the measured pixel spectrum into a collection of constituent spectra, called endmembers, and a set of corresponding fractions (abundances) that indicate the proportion of each endmember present in the pixel. Similarly, when processing spectrum-images, microscopists usually try to map elemental, physical and chemical state information of a given material. This paper reports how a SU algorithm dedicated to remote sensing hyperspectral images can be successfully applied to analyze spectrum-image resulting from electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS). SU generally overcomes standard limitations inherent to other multivariate statistical analysis methods, such as principal component analysis (PCA) or independent component analysis (ICA), that have been previously used to analyze EELS maps. Indeed, ICA and PCA may perform poorly for linear spectral mixture analysis due to the strong dependence between the abundances of the different materials. One example is presented here to demonstrate the potential of this technique for EELS analysis.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultramic.2012.05.006
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Université de Toulouse > Université de Toulouse II-Le Mirail - UTM
Université de Toulouse > Université de Toulouse I-Sciences Sociales - UT1
Other partners > Université Paris-Sud 11 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Statistics:download
Deposited By: Nicolas DOBIGEON

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