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Parameters influencing calcium phosphate precipitation in granular sludge sequencing batch reactor

Manas, Angela and Pocquet, Mathieu and Biscans, Béatrice and Sperandio, Mathieu Parameters influencing calcium phosphate precipitation in granular sludge sequencing batch reactor. (2012) Chemical Engineering Science, vol. 77 . pp. 165-175. ISSN 0009-2509

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.CES.2012.01.009

Abstract

Parameters influencing calcium phosphate precipitation in Calcium phosphate precipitation inside microbial granules cultivated in a granular sequenced batch reactor (GSBR) has been demonstrated to contribute to phosphorus removal during wastewater treatment. Whereas hydroxyapatite (HAP) is proven to accumulate in the granule, the main calcium phosphate precursors that form prior to HAP are here investigated. A separate batch reactor was used to distinguish reactions involving biological phosphate removal from physicochemical reactions involving phosphateprecipitation in order to establish the kinetics and stoichiometry of calcium phosphate formation. Experiments and simulations with PHREEQC and AQUASIM software support the assumption that amorphous calciumphosphate (ACP) is the intermediary in HAP crystallization. The results provide the kinetic rate constants and thermodynamic constants of ACP. The formation of bioliths inside biological aggregates as well as the main parameters that drive their formations are discussed here. Finally, the influence of pH and calcium and phosphate concentrations in the influent was also assessed, in order to determine the contribution of precipitation in the different operating conditions.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA
Université de Toulouse > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
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Deposited By:Audrey LEFEVRE

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