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Competitive adsorption of phenolic compounds from aqueous solution using sludge‐based activated carbon

Mohamed, Elham Farouk and Andriantsiferana, Caroline and Wilhelm, Anne-Marie and Delmas, Henri Competitive adsorption of phenolic compounds from aqueous solution using sludge‐based activated carbon. (2011) Environmental Technology, vol. 32 (n° 12). pp. 1325-1336. ISSN 0959-3330

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2010.536783

Abstract

Preparation of activated carbon from sewage sludge is a promising approach to produce cheap and efficient adsorbent for pollutants removal as well as to dispose of sewage sludge. The first objective of this study was to investigate the physical and chemical properties (BET surface area, ash and elemental content, surface functional groups by Boehm titration and weight loss by thermogravimetric analysis) of the sludge‐based activated carbon (SBAC) so as to give a basic understanding of its structure and to compare to those of two commercial activated carbons, PICA S23 and F22. The second and main objective was to evaluate the performance of SBAC for single and competitive adsorption of four substituted phenols (p‐nitrophenol, p‐chlorophenol, p‐hydroxy benzoic acid and phenol) from their aqueous solutions. The results indicated that, despite moderate micropore and mesopore surface areas, SBAC had remarkable adsorption capacity for phenols, though less than PICA carbons. Uptake of the phenolic compound was found to be dependent on both the porosity and surface chemistry of the carbons. Furthermore, the electronegativity and the hydrophobicity of the adsorbate have significant influence on the adsorption capacity. The Langmuir and Freundlich models were used for the mathematical description of the adsorption equilibrium for single‐solute isotherms. Moreover, the Langmuir–Freundlich model gave satisfactory results for describing multicomponent system isotherms. The capacity of the studied activated carbons to adsorb phenols from a multi‐solute system was in the following order: p‐nitrophenol > p‐chlorophenol > PHBA > phenol.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Taylor and Francis editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.tandfonline.com The original PDF of the article can be found at : http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09593330.2010.536783
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Réaction, mélange & séparation (RMS)
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Deposited By:Audrey LEFEVRE

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