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Biologically induced phosphorus precipitation in aerobic granular sludge process

Manas, Angela and Biscans, Béatrice and Sperandio, Mathieu Biologically induced phosphorus precipitation in aerobic granular sludge process. (2011) Water Research, vol. 45 (n° 12). pp. 3776-3786. ISSN 0043-1354

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.WATRES.2011.04.031

Abstract

Aerobic granular sludge is a promising process for nutrient removal in wastewater treatment. In this work, for the first time, biologically induced precipitation of phosphorus as hydroxyl-apatite (Ca5(PO4)3(OH)) in the core of granules is demonstrated by direct spectral and optical analysis: Raman spectroscopy, Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) coupled with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction analysis are performed simultaneously on aerobic granules cultivated in a batch airlift reactor for 500 days. Results reveal the presence of mineral clusters in the core of granules, concentrating all the calcium and considerable amounts of phosphorus. Hydroxyapatite appears as the major mineral, whereas other minor minerals could be transiently produced but not appreciably accumulated. Biologically induced precipitation was responsible for 45% of the overall P removal in the operating conditions tested, with pH varying from 7.8 to 8.8. Major factors influencing this phenomenon (pH, anaerobic phosphate release, nitrification denitrification) need to be investigated as it is an interesting way to immobilize phosphorus in a stable and valuable product.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S004313541100220X
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
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Deposited By: Audrey LEFEVRE
Deposited On:03 Jul 2012 15:28

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