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Permeability and chemical analysis of aromatic polyamide based membranes exposed to sodium hypochlorite

Ettori, Axel and Gaudichet-Maurin, Emmanuelle and Schrotter, Jean-Christophe and Aimar, Pierre and Causserand, Christel Permeability and chemical analysis of aromatic polyamide based membranes exposed to sodium hypochlorite. (2011) Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 375 (n° 1-2). pp. 220-230. ISSN 0376-7388

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.MEMSCI.2011.03.044

Abstract

In this study, a cross-linked aromatic polyamide based reverse osmosis membrane was exposed to variable sodium hypochlorite ageing conditions (free chlorine concentration, solution pH) and the resulting evolutions of membrane surface chemical and structural properties were monitored. Elemental and surface chemical analysis performed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), showed that chlorine is essentially incorporated on the polyamide layer of a commercially available composite RO membrane, when soaked in chlorine baths, presumably through a two step electrophilic substitution reaction governed by the concentration of hypochlorous acid (HOCl), at pH values above 5. Deconvolution of the FTIR vibrational amide I band experimentally confirmed previous assumptions stated in the literature regarding the weakening of polyamide intermolecular hydrogen bond interactions with the incorporation of chlorine. An increase in the fraction of non associated Cdouble bond; length as m-dashO groups (1680 cm−1) and a decrease of hydrogen bonded Cdouble bond; length as m-dashO groups (1660 cm−1) were observed with an increase in the concentration of the free chlorine active specie. The relative evolution of pure water permeability was assessed during lab-scale filtration of MilliQ water of a membrane before and after exposure to chlorine. Filtration results indicate polyamide conformational order changes, associated with the weakening of polyamide intermolecular H bonds, as observed with the increase in the packing propensity of the membrane, dominant for HOCl doses above 400 ppm h. In addition, water–sodium chloride selectivity capabilities permanently decreased above this HOCl concentration threshold, further suggesting polyamide chain mobility. However, under controlled exposure conditions, i.e., HOCl concentration, operating conditions (applied pressure or permeation flux) can be improved while maintaining similar RO membrane separation performance.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376738811002225
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > Veolia Environnement (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Audrey LEFEVRE

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