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Review of mycotoxin reduction in food and feed: from prevention in the field to detoxification by adsorption or transformation

Jard, Gwénaëlle and Liboz, Thierry and Mathieu, Florence and Guyonvarc’h, Alain and Lebrihi, Ahmed Review of mycotoxin reduction in food and feed: from prevention in the field to detoxification by adsorption or transformation. (2011) Food Additives and Contaminants: Part A: Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure and Risk Assessment, vol. 28 (n° 11). pp. 1590-1609. ISSN 1944–0049

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2011.595377

Abstract

Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites present worldwide in agricultural commodities and produced by filamentous fungi that cause a toxic response (mycotoxicosis) when ingested by animals. Prevention of mycotoxicoses includes pre- and post-harvest strategies. The best way to reduce the mycotoxin content in food and feed is the prevention of mycotoxin formation in the field, but this is often not sufficient, so other methods are needed. To decontaminate and/or detoxify mycotoxin-contaminated food and feed, the most prevalent approach in the feed industry is the inclusion of sorbent materials in the feed thus obtaining more or less selective removal of toxins by adsorption during passage through the gastrointestinal tract. Another reliable approach is to add enzymes or microorganisms capable of detoxifying some mycotoxins. Through a comprehensive review of published reports on the strategies for mycotoxin removal, this present work aims to update our understanding of mycotoxin removal. It provides an insight into the detoxification of mycotoxin present in food and feed. In the future, more emphasis needs to be placed on adsorption of mycotoxins in the gastrointestinal tract. Concerning the enzymatic transformation of mycotoxins, further efforts are required in understanding detoxification reactions, the toxicity of transformation products and in the characterization of enzymes responsible for transformations.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Taylor and Francis editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.tandfonline.com The original PDF of the article can be found at : http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19440049.2011.595377?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > Evialis (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Bioprocédés et systèmes microbiens (BioSyM)
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Deposited By: Audrey LEFEVRE

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