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Microbial fuel cells – An option for wastewater treatment

Duţeanu, Narcis Mihai and Ghangrekar, Makarand Madhao and Erable, Benjamin and Scott , Keith Microbial fuel cells – An option for wastewater treatment. (2010) Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, vol. 9 (n° 8). pp. 1069-1087. ISSN 1582-9596

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Abstract

The Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) is a promising technology for efficient wastewater treatment and recovering energy as direct electricity for onsite applications. For treatment of biodegradable organic matters in MFCs, removal efficiencies comparable with established treatment methods can be obtained. Even some of the bio-refractory compounds can be effectively removed in MFCs. Power densities higher than 2 W/m2 and volumetric power of 500 W/m3 are reported. However the power output varies drastically depending on the MFC configuration, substrate used, type of bacterial culture and operating conditions. The results presented so far demonstrated that electricity can be generated by exploiting microorganisms as biocatalysts, but both technical and biological optimizations are needed to maximize power output. The advantages of using MFCs for wastewater treatment, the organic matter removal efficiency and electricity generation reported recently for different MFC configurations are described in this paper. Factors affecting performance of the MFC are summarized. MFC scale-up issues and further development needs are emphasized. This information on factors affecting MFC performance and scale-up issues would be very useful tool for researchers for shifting this technology from lab-scale to pilot and full-scale applications for sustainable wastewater treatment.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > Indian Institute of Technology-Kharagpur - IIT Kharagpur (INDIA)
Other partners > Politehnica University of Timisoara (ROMANIA)
Other partners > Newcastle University (UNITED KINGDOM)
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Génie Chimique - LGC (Toulouse, France) - Bioprocédés et systèmes microbiens (BioSyM)
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Deposited By: Audrey LEFEVRE
Deposited On:22 Jun 2012 11:47

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