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Oxidation of cellulose in pressurized carbon dioxide

Camy, Séverine and Montanari, Suzelei and Rattaz, Aurélie and Vignon, Michel and Condoret, Jean-Stéphane Oxidation of cellulose in pressurized carbon dioxide. (2009) The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, vol. 51 (n° 2). pp. 188-196. ISSN 0896-8446

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.SUPFLU.2009.09.001

Abstract

This work presents first results upon oxidation of type II cellulose by nitrogen dioxide dissolved in carbon dioxide at high pressure. This reaction leads to oxidized cellulose, a natural-based bioresorbable fabric used for biomedical applications. The oxidation reaction takes place in a heterogeneous fluid–solid system. Kinetics of oxidation is presented here and effects of operating conditions such as pressure, temperature and initial moisture content of cellulose are investigated. Results are presented in terms of degree of oxidation of cellulose and quality of the final oxidized cellulose, which has been characterized using liquid-state and solid-state 13C NMR. The experimental results show the existence of possible secondary reactions which may lead to oxidized cellulose with insufficient mechanical strength. An attempt is made to evidence and understand the role of CO2 as a solvent in this system. Indeed, although supercritical CO2 appears to be a suitable candidate as a solvent for oxidation reactions, some inhibiting effect on nitrogen dioxide activity are observed in this case.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0896844609003118
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > Covidien (IRELAND)
Other partners > Université Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1 - UJF (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Audrey LEFEVRE

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