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Removal of chromium (III) by two-aqueous phases extraction

Rim, Sekkal Amina and Amine, Didi Mohamed and Nasr-Eddine, Belkhouche and Canselier, Jean-Paul Removal of chromium (III) by two-aqueous phases extraction. (2009) Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 167 (n° 1-3). pp. 896-903. ISSN 0304-3894

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2009.01.087

Abstract

Two-aqueous phase extraction of chromium (III) as a solute from their aqueous solutions was investigated using polyethoxylated alcohols (CiEj) as a biodegradable non-ionic surfactant in the presence of anionic sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS). First, the combined effects of chromium and surfactants mixture (anionic and non-ionic) on the cloud point temperature were determined. After this, the phase diagrams of binary systems water–surfactant (NW342 and C10E3) were traced. According to the given surfactants concentration, the extracted solute reached 98.5% and 60% for NW342 and C10E3, respectively at pH equal to 3. The addition of sodium chloride lowers the cloud point temperature of surfactant where the phenomenon of salting-out was pronounced. Under the optimal extraction conditions, the suggested extraction mechanism is based on chromium species-NW342 non-ionic surfactant micelles solvatation. Since, the prevalence species (93.82%) were Cr(III)4(OH)66+, given by a theoretical calculation using CHEAQS V. L20.1. The first stage regeneration of NW342 surfactant was 27.82% at pH equal to 4.23 factorial designs were employed for screening the factors that would influence the overall optimization of a batch procedure of sorption.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304389409001113
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > Université Abou Bekr Belkaid Tlemcen (ALGERIA)
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Deposited By: Audrey LEFEVRE

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