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On the Limit of Fountain MDC Codes for Video Peer-To-Peer Networks

Smith, Guillaume and Tournoux, Pierre-Ugo and Boreli, Roksana and Lacan, Jérôme and Lochin, Emmanuel On the Limit of Fountain MDC Codes for Video Peer-To-Peer Networks. (2012) In: 1st IEEE WoWMoM Workshop on Video Everywhere, 25-28 Jun 2012, San Francisco, United States .

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Abstract

Video streaming for heterogeneous types of devices, where nodes have different devices characteristics in terms of computational capacity and display, is usually handled by encoding the video with different qualities. This is not well suited for Peer-To-Peer (P2P) systems, as a single peer group can only share content of the same quality, thus limiting the peer group size and efficiency. To address this problem, several existing works propose the use of Multiple Descriptions Coding (MDC). The concept of this type of video codec is to split a video in a number of descriptions which can be used on their own, or aggregated to improve the global quality of the video. Unfortunately existing MDC codes are not flexible, as the video is split in a defined number of descriptions. In this paper, we focus on the practical feasibility of using a Fountain MDC code with properties similar to existing Fountain erasure codes, including the ability to create any number of descriptions when needed (on the fly). We perform simulations using selected pictures to assess the feasibility of using these codes, knowing that they should improve the availability of the video pieces in a P2P system and hence the video streaming quality. We observe that, although this idea seems promising, the evaluated benefits, demonstrated by the PSNR values, are limited when used in a real P2P video streaming system.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:Thanks to IEEE editor. (c) 2011 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works. The definitive version will be available at http://ieeexplore.ieee.org
Audience (conference):International conference proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE
Other partners > National ICT Australia - NICTA (AUSTRALIA)
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Deposited By: Jérôme Lacan

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