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Life cycle assessment (LCA) applied to the process industry: a review

Jacquemin, Leslie and Pontalier, Pierre Yves and Sablayrolles, Caroline Life cycle assessment (LCA) applied to the process industry: a review. (2012) International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, vol. 17 (n° 8). pp. 1028-1041. ISSN 0948-3349

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11367-012-0432-9?null

Abstract

Purpose: Life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is a well-established analytical method to quantify environmental impacts, which has been mainly applied to products. However, recent literature would suggest that it has also the potential as an analysis and design tool for processes, and stresses that one of the biggest challenges of this decade in the field of process systems engineering (PSE) is the development of tools for environmental considerations. Method: This article attempts to give an overview of the integration of LCA methodology in the context of industrial ecology (IE), and focuses on the use of this methodology for environmental considerations concerning process design and optimization. Results: The review identifies that LCA is often used as a multi objective optimization of processes: practitioners use LCA to obtain the inventory and inject the results into the optimization model. It also shows that most of the LCA studies undertaken on process analysis consider the unit processes as black boxes and build the inventory analysis on fixed operating conditions.Conclusions: The article highlights the interest to better assimilate PSE tools with LCA methodology, in order to produce a more detailed analysis. This will allow optimizing the influence of process operating conditions on environmental impacts and including detailed environmental results into process industry.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Springer editor. The original publication is available at http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11367-012-0432-9?null
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Leslie JACQUEMIN

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