Merle, Tony and Pic, Jean-Stéphane and Manero, Marie-Hélène and Mathé, Stéphane and Debellefontaine, Hubert Influence of activated carbons on the kinetics and mechanisms of aromatic molecules ozonation. (2010) Catalysis Today, vol. 151 (n° 1-2). pp. 166-172. ISSN 0920-5861
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.CATTOD.2010.03.044
Companies have been looking for new methods for treating toxic or refractory wastewaters; which can mainly be used prior to or after or in connexion with biological treatment processes.This paper compares conventional ozone oxidation with activatedcarbon (AC) promoted ozone oxidation, which helps developing a mechanism involving HOradical dot radical. For a compound which is quite easy to oxidise, like 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) conventional ozonation is efficient enough to remove the initial molecule. The mechanism involved mainly consists of an electrophilic attack on the aromatic ring, which is activated by the donor effect of the –OH group, then followed by a 1,3 dipolar cycloaddition (Criegee mechanism) that leads to aliphatic species, mainly carboxylic acids. Yet, the addition of AC, through the presence of HOradical dot radical, enhances the removal of these species which are more refractory.For a refractory compound like nitrobenzene (NB), with a de-activatedaromatic ring because of the attractive effect of –NO2, conventional ozonation is inefficient. On the contrary, this molecule can be quite easily removed with AC promoted oxidation and it is found that the mechanism (electrophilic attack followed by a 1,3 dipolar cycloaddition) is quite similar to the one corresponding to conventional ozonation, but with less selectivity.For both molecules, a mass balance has established that the by-products accounting for more than 75% of the remaining COD can be quantified. A significant part is composed of carboxylic acids (acetic, oxalic, etc.), which could afterwards be easily removed in an industrial wastewater treatment process followed by a final biological treatment step.
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