Julcour-Lebigue, Carine and Andriantsiferana, Caroline and Krou, Nguessan Joachim and Ayral, Catherine and Mohamed, Elham Farouk and Wilhelm, Anne-Marie and Delmas, Henri and Le Coq, Laurence and Gerente, Claire and Smith, Karl M. and Pullket, Suangusa and Fowler, Geoffrey D. and Graham, Nigel J.D. Application of sludge-based carbonaceous materials in a hybrid water treatment process based on adsorption and catalytic wet air oxidation. (2010) Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 91 (n° 12). pp. 2432-2439. ISSN 0301-4797
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.JENVMAN.2010.06.008
This paper describes a preliminary evaluation of the performance of carbonaceous materials prepared from sewage sludges (SBCMs) in a hybrid water treatment process based on adsorption and catalytic wet air oxidation; phenol was used as the model pollutant. Three different sewage sludges were treated by either carbonisation or steam activation, and the physico-chemical properties of the resultant carbonaceous materials (e.g. hardness, BET surface area, ash and elemental content, surface chemistry) were evaluated and compared with a commercial reference activated carbon (PICA F22). The adsorption capacity for phenol of the SBCMs was greater than suggested by their BET surface area, but less than F22; a steam activated, dewatered raw sludge (SA_DRAW) had the greatest adsorption capacity of the SBCMs in the investigated range of concentrations (<0.05 mol L−1). In batch oxidation tests, the SBCMs demonstrated catalytic behaviour arising from their substrate adsorptivity and metal content. Recycling of SA_DRAW in successive oxidations led to significant structural attrition and a hardened SA_DRAW was evaluated, but found to be unsatisfactory during the oxidation step. In a combined adsorption–oxidation sequence, both the PICA carbon and a selected SBCM showed deterioration in phenol adsorption after oxidative regeneration, but a steady state performance was reached after 2 or 3 cycles.
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