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Chemical and spectroscopic analysis of olive mill waste water during a biological treatment

El Hajjouji, Houda and Bailly, Jean-René and Winterton, Peter and Merlina, Georges and Revel, Jean-Claude and Hafidi, Mohamed Chemical and spectroscopic analysis of olive mill waste water during a biological treatment. (2008) Bioresource Technology , vol. 99 (n°11). pp. 4958-4965. ISSN 0960-8524

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.09.025

Abstract

The treatment of olive mill waste water was studied on the laboratory scale. Physico–chemical analyses showed the final products had a mean pH of 5.4 without neutralisation and 5.7 when lime was added to the process. Raising the pH by adding lime had a positive outcome on the degradation of phenols, whose levels were reduced by over 76%. The lime also changed the structure of the organic matter, as seen in the infra-red spectra. Combining the FT-IR and 13C NMR data showed that with addition of lime, the density of aliphatic groups decreased to the benefit of aromatic groups, indicating that polymerisation of the organic matter occurred during the bioprocess. Under our experimental conditions, the biotransformation of olive mill waste water appears to favour the stabilisation of the organic matter through mechanisms analogous to those that lead to the formation of humus in the soil.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960852407007729
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > University of Cadi Ayyad - UCAM (MOROCCO)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By:Nadia Kelmouss

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