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Fate of phthalic acid esters during composting of both lagooning and activated sludges

Amir, Soumia and Hafidi, Mohamed and Merlina, Georges and Hamdi, Hassan and Jouraiphy, Abdelmajid and El Gharous, Mohamed and Revel, Jean-Claude Fate of phthalic acid esters during composting of both lagooning and activated sludges. (2005) Process Biochemistry, vol. 40 (n° 6). pp. 2183-2190. ISSN 1359-5113

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2004.08.012

Abstract

Among the phthalic acid esters (PAEs) targeted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) as priority pollutants, di-ethyl-hexyl phthalate (DEHP) is the major pollutant identified at high concentration level in lagooning sludge (LS), at about 28.67 mg/kg, andin activated sludge (AS), at about 6.26 mg/kg. Other phthalic acid esters, such as di-butyl phthalate (DBP) and di-methyl phthalate (DMP) show very low concentrations. During sludge composting, after the stabilization phase, the subsequent appearance of DEP and then DMPoccurred indicating that microbial metabolism begins by alkyl side-chain degradation before aromatic ring-cleavage. The appearance andaccumulation of PAEs with a short alkyl side-chain in the last stages of AS and LS composting is suggested originating from the degradationof phthalates with a much long side-chain. The DEHP showed a rate of biodegradation that follows a first-order kinetic model during composting of both AS and LS. The calculated DEHP half-lives are 45.4 days for LS and 28.9 days for AS. The better DEHP biodegradationrate (2.4 Â 10À2 dayÀ1) have been observed in the case of AS composting compared to LS compost (1.53 Â 10À2 dayÀ1). The mono-ethyl-hexyl phthalates MEHP has been shown to follow the same order of biodegradation as DEHP indicating that the same mechanism is followed(hydrolysis or dealkylation of each DEHP side-chain). Composting could be suggested as a detoxification process for the removal of PAEs(mainly DEHP) from sludges after a sufficient time of treatment to provide a safe end product.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S003295920400367X
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Other partners > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (MOROCCO)
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > University of Cadi Ayyad - UCAM (MOROCCO)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Nadia Kelmouss
Deposited On:28 Sep 2012 09:26

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