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Nanofiltration as a purification step in production process of organic acids: Selectivity improvement by addition of an inorganic salt

Umpuch, Chakkrit and Galier, Sylvain and Kanchanatawee, Sunthorn and Roux-de Balmann, Hélène Nanofiltration as a purification step in production process of organic acids: Selectivity improvement by addition of an inorganic salt. (2010) Process Biochemistry, vol. 45 (n° 11). pp. 1763-1768. ISSN 1359-5113

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/J.PROCBIO.2010.01.015

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate to what extend the addition of an electrolyte (NaCl or Na2SO4) can improve the selectivity of the sodium lactate/glucose separation by nanofiltration. Experimental results were used to get the variation of the observed retentions versus the permeation flux and to evaluate the separation efficiency from the separation factor. In presence of NaCl, both glucose and lactate retentions slightly decrease and remain very close except at low permeation fluxes where the addition of NaCl has more effect on lactate retention than on glucose one. On the contrary, whilst the addition of Na2SO4 has no influence on glucose retention, a strong effect was pointed out on the lactate one, especially for high electrolyte concentrations for which negative retentions were obtained at low permeation fluxes. Then, the separation was much more improved by the addition of Na2SO4 compared to NaCl. A maximum separation factor of 1.9 was obtained with Na2SO4 at 0.25 M added to the glucose (0.1 M)/sodium lactate (0.1 M) solution whereas the separation was impossible without the addition of salt.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1359511310000310
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > Suranaree University of Technology - SUT (THAILAND)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Audrey LEFEVRE

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