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Impact of river management history on the community structure, species composition and nutrient status in the Rhine alluvial hardwood forest

Trémolières, Michèle and Sanchez-Pérez, José-Miguel and Schnitzler, Annik and Schmitt, Diane Impact of river management history on the community structure, species composition and nutrient status in the Rhine alluvial hardwood forest. (1998) Plant Ecology, vol. 135 (n° 1). pp. 59-78. ISSN 1385-0237

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Abstract

The present-day Rhine alluvial hardwood forest (Querco-Ulmetum minoris, Issler 24) in the upper Rhine valley (France/Germany) is comprised of three vegetation units, one still flooded by calm waters (F) and the two others unflooded, one for 30 years (UF30) (after the river canalisation) and the other for about 130 years (UF130) (after river straightening and embankment work in the middle nineteenth century). In the three stands, species composition, structure and diversity of vegetation and nutrient content of mature leaf, leaf litter and soil have been studied. Fungi (Macromycetae) were only studied in two stands (F and UF130). The intensity of nutrient recycling was exemplified by comparing the chemical composition of rainwater, flood, throughfall, mature leaf, leaf litter, soil and groundwater in two of these stands (F and UF30). The elimination of floods has caused a change in floristic composition, tree density and plant diversity. Tree density was higher in the two unflooded stands and was related to a large increase in sapling (< 6 cm dbh) density more than to a change of stem (> 6 cm dbh) density. Sapling density increased 2 times and three times in the UF30 and the UF130 respectively, whereas the stem density increased only 12% in the first stand and decreased 29% in the second one. The saprophytic macromycete communities have been supplemented with mycorrhizal species.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Springer editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.springerlink.com/?MUD=MP
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Other partners > Université Paul-Verlaine - Metz (FRANCE)
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Deposited By: Nadia Kelmouss
Deposited On:25 May 2012 10:06

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