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Dynamics of suspended sediment transport and yield in a large agricultural catchment, southwest France

Oeurng, Chantha and Sauvage, Sabine and Sanchez-Pérez, José-Miguel Dynamics of suspended sediment transport and yield in a large agricultural catchment, southwest France. (2010) Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, vol . 35 (n° 11). pp. 1289-1301. ISSN 0197-9337

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/esp.1971

Abstract

The dynamics of suspended sediment transport were monitored continuously in a large agricultural catchment in southwest France from January 2007 to March 2009. The objective of this paper is to analyse the temporal variability in suspended sediment transport and yield in that catchment. Analyses were also undertaken to assess the relationships between precipitation, discharge and suspended sediment transport, and to interpret sediment delivery processes using suspended sediment-discharge hysteresis patterns. During the study period, we analysed 17 fl ood events, with high resolution suspended sediment data derived from continuous turbidity and automatic sampling. The results revealed strong seasonal, annual and inter-annual variability in suspended sediment transport. Sediment was strongly transported during spring, when frequent fl ood events of high magnitude and intensity occurred. Annual sediment transport in 2007 yielded 16 614 tonnes, representing 15 t km−2 (85% of annual load transport during fl oods for 16% of annual duration), while the 2008 sediment yield was 77 960 tonnes, representing 70 t km−2 (95% of annual load transport during fl oods for 20% of annual duration). Analysis of the relationships between precipitation, discharge and suspended sediment transport showed that there were signifi cant correlations between total precipitation, peak discharge, total water yield, fl ood intensity and sediment variables during the fl ood events, but no relationship with antecedent conditions. Flood events were classifi ed in relation to suspended sediment concentration (SSC)–discharge hysteretic loops, complemented with temporal dynamics of SSC–discharge ranges during rising and falling fl ow. The hysteretic shapes obtained for all flood events refl ected the distribution of probable sediment sources throughout the catchment. Regarding the sediment transport during all fl ood events, clockwise hysteretic loops represented 68% from river deposited sediments and nearby source areas, anticlockwise 29% from distant source areas, and simultaneity of SSC and discharge 3%.

Item Type:Article
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
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Deposited By: Nadia Kelmouss
Deposited On:29 May 2012 14:23

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