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Synthesis and ion conductivity of (Bi2O3)0.75(Dy2O3)0.25 ceramics with grain sizes from the nano to the micro scale

Li, Rong and Zhen, Quiang and Drache, Michel and Rubbens, Annick and Estournès, Claude and Vannier, Rose-Noëlle Synthesis and ion conductivity of (Bi2O3)0.75(Dy2O3)0.25 ceramics with grain sizes from the nano to the micro scale. (2011) Solid State Ionics, vol. 198 (n° 1). pp. 6-15. ISSN 0167-2738

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssi.2011.05.012

Abstract

Using (Bi2O3)0.75(Dy2O3)0.25 nano-powder synthesized by reverse titration co-precipitation method as raw material, dense ceramics were sintered by both Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) and pressureless sintering. According to the predominance area diagram of Bi–O binary system, the sintering conditions under SPS were optimized. (Bi2O3)0.75(Dy2O3)0.25 ceramics with relative density higher than 95% and an average grain size of 20 nm were sintered in only 10 min up to 500 °C. During the pressureless sintering process, the grain growth behavior of (Bi2O3)0.75(Dy2O3)0.25 followed a parabolic trend, expressed as D2 − D02 = Kt, and the apparent activation energy of grain growth was found to be 284 kJ mol− 1. Dense (Bi2O3)0.75(Dy2O3)0.25 ceramics with different grain sizes were obtained, and the effect of grain size on ion conductivity was investigated by impedance spectroscopy. It was shown that the total ion conductivity was not affected by the grain size down to 100 nm, however lower conductivity was measured for the sample with the smallest grain size (20 nm). But, although only the δ phase was evidenced by X-ray diffraction for this sample, a closer inspection by Raman spectroscopy revealed traces of α-Bi2O3.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The original version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Solid State Ionics website: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167273811002712
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > Shanghai University (CHINA)
Other partners > Université d'Artois - UA (FRANCE)
Other partners > Université Lille 1, Sciences et Technologies - Lille 1 (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By:Denis Faragou

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