Estournès, Claude and D'Orléans, Céline and Rehspringer, Jean Luc and Manova, Elina and Kunev, Boris and Paneva, Daniela and Mitov, Ivan and Petrov, L. and Kurmoo, Mohamedally Mössbauer and magnetic study of Co x Fe3−x O4 nanoparticles. (2005) Hyperfine interactions , vol. 1 (n° 1-4). pp. 61-67. ISSN 0304-3843
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10751-006-9248-y
Magnetic nanoparticles of cobalt ferrites Co x Fe3−x O4 (x = 1 or 2) have been obtained either by mechanical milling or thermal treatment of pre-prepared layered double hydroxide carbonate x-LDH–CO3. Mechanical milling of the 1-LDH–CO3 leads to the large-scale preparation of nearly spherical nanoparticles of CoFe2O4, the size of which (5 to 20 nm) is controlled by the treatment time. Core-shell structure with surface spin-canting has been considered for the nanoparticles formed to explain the observed hysteresis loop shift (from ZFC–FC) in the magnetic properties. Annealing treatment of the 2-LDH–CO3 below 673 K results in the formation of nearly spherical pure Co2FeO4 nanoparticles. At 673 K and above, the LDH decomposition leads to the formation of a mixture of both spinels phases Co2FeO4 and CoFe2O4, the amount of the latter increases with annealing temperature. Unusually high magnetic hardness characterized by a 22 kOe coercive field at 1.8 K has been observed, which reflects the high intrinsic anisotropy for Co2FeO4.
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