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Hyperspectral image unmixing using a multiresolution sticky HDP

Mittelman, Roni and Dobigeon, Nicolas and Hero, Alfred O. Hyperspectral image unmixing using a multiresolution sticky HDP. (2012) IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 60 (n°4). pp.1656-1671. ISSN 1053-587X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSP.2011.2180718

Abstract

This paper is concerned with joint Bayesian endmember extraction and linear unmixing of hyperspectral images using a spatial prior on the abundance vectors.We propose a generative model for hyperspectral images in which the abundances are sampled from a Dirichlet distribution (DD) mixture model, whose parameters depend on a latent label process. The label process is then used to enforces a spatial prior which encourages adjacent pixels to have the same label. A Gibbs sampling framework is used to generate samples from the posterior distributions of the abundances and the parameters of the DD mixture model. The spatial prior that is used is a tree-structured sticky hierarchical Dirichlet process (SHDP) and, when used to determine the posterior endmember and abundance distributions, results in a new unmixing algorithm called spatially constrained unmixing (SCU). The directed Markov model facilitates the use of scale-recursive estimation algorithms, and is therefore more computationally efficient as compared to standard Markov random field (MRF) models. Furthermore, the proposed SCU algorithm estimates the number of regions in the image in an unsupervised fashion. The effectiveness of the proposed SCU algorithm is illustrated using synthetic and real data.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to IEEE editor. The definitive version of the article is available at:http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSP.2011.2180718
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National des Etudes Spatiales - CNES
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Ecole Nationale de l'Aviation Civile - ENAC
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace - ISAE
Other partners > Rockwell Collins (FRANCE)
Other partners > Thales (FRANCE)
Other partners > Telecom ParisTech (FRANCE)
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Université de Toulouse > Université de Toulouse II-Le Mirail - UTM
Université de Toulouse > Université de Toulouse I-Sciences Sociales - UT1
Other partners > Direction Générale de l’Aviation Civile - DGAC (FRANCE)
Other partners > University of Michigan - U-M (USA)
Laboratory name:
Statistics:download
Deposited By:Nicolas DOBIGEON

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