OATAO - Open Archive Toulouse Archive Ouverte Open Access Week

Thermo-pressing of cake meal from sunflower whole plant, one only operation for two actions : expression of residual oil and molding of biodegradable agromaterials

Evon, Philippe and Vandenbossche, Virginie and Pontalier, Pierre-Yves and Rigal, Luc Thermo-pressing of cake meal from sunflower whole plant, one only operation for two actions : expression of residual oil and molding of biodegradable agromaterials. (2012) In: 18th International Sunflower Conference, February 27 - March 1, 2012, Mar del Plata (Argentina) . (Unpublished)

[img]
Preview
(Document in English)

PDF (Author's version ) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
165kB

Official URL: http://www.asagir.org.ar/asagir2008/congresos-eng.asp

Abstract

The starting material used in this study was a cake generated during thermo-mechanical fractionation of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) whole plant in a Clextral BC 45 (France) twin-screw extruder. It was slightly deoiled (17.6% dry matter for residual oil content), leading to an oil extraction yield of 46.1% (yield based on the residual oil content in cake). As it was a mixture of fibers and proteins, it could be considered as a natural composite that was processed successfully into fiberboards by thermo-pressing. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of thermo-pressing conditions on oil expression yield during molding and on flexural properties of fiberboards manufactured from this cake. An experimental design with three variables was realized: from 250 to 500 kgf/cm² for pressure applied (in 5 levels), from 60 to 300 s for molding time (in 7 levels), and from 600 to 1200 mg/cm² for cake quantity (in 3 levels). Temperature of the aluminium mold positioned between the two plates of the heated hydraulic press (PEI, France) with 400 tons capacity was 200°C. All fiberboards were cohesive. As an internal binder, proteins ensured the agromaterial cohesion, and fibers entanglement also acted like reinforcement. Thermo-pressing was not only a molding operation. It also consisted in increasing the oil extraction efficiency. Oil expression yield during molding increased with the increase of pressure applied, and especially with the increase of molding time. At the same time, it was not so much influenced by the modification of cake quantity. Highest oil expression yield was 58.8% in proportion to the oil that the cake contained, leading to a total oil yield (oil extracted by water in twin-screw extruder, and oil expressed during molding) of 77.8% in proportion to the oil that the sunflower whole plant contained. It was associated with the next thermo-pressing conditions: 469 kgf/cm² for pressure applied, 300 s for molding time, and 697 mg/cm² for cake quantity. Flexural properties of the corresponding fiberboard were 8.1 MPa for flexural strength at break, and 1778 MPa for elastic modulus. Its thickness was 5.40 mm, leading to a mean apparent density of 1.25. Such flexural strength at break was a bit lower (-25%) than the one of the most resistant fiberboard (10.8 MPa), manufactured from the next thermo-pressing conditions: 250 kgf/cm² for pressure applied, 300 s for molding time, and 807 mg/cm² for cake quantity. For such conditions, oil expression yield was 48.0% in proportion to the oil that the cake contained, leading to a total oil yield close (-8%) to the highest yield obtained (71.9% in proportion to the oil that the sunflower whole plant contained instead of 77.8%). Thermo-pressing of cake from sunflower whole plant led to two actions in a single step: the expression of part of residual oil in cake that contributed to the improvement of the oil extraction efficiency, and the molding of biodegradable fiberboards. Their flexural properties were promising. Moreover, because residual oil content in fiberboards was at least 8.0% dry matter, they were not too water-sensitive (i.e. more durable than other thermo-pressed agromaterials). Such fiberboards were value-added agromaterials that may have direct industrial applications. Indeed, they would be potentially usable as inter-layer sheets for pallets, for the manufacturing of biodegradable containers (composters, crates for vegetable gardening), or for their heat insulation properties in building trade.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Chimie Agro-Industrielle - LCA (Toulouse, France) - Fractionnement et transformation des agroressources
Statistics:download
Deposited By: Philippe EVON

Repository Staff Only: item control page