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Health risk assessment case study of trace metals in collected rainwater for domestic uses

Busset, Guillaume and Vialle, Claire and Montréjaud-Vignoles, Mireille and Huau, Marie-Christine and Jacob, Séverine and Sablayrolles, Caroline Health risk assessment case study of trace metals in collected rainwater for domestic uses. (2011) Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, vol. 20 (n° 9). pp. 2277-2283. ISSN 1018-4619

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Abstract

A health risk assessment methodology based on modelling with a Monte Carlo simulation was applied to harvested rainwater that could be used for domestic use in southern France. Firstly a pilot roof run-off collection system was in-stalled and trace metals analysis in collected rainwater were developed. Next, a model of exposure was built based only on chronic ingestion of rainwater during domestic activities. For exposure scenarios, three type of population were in-vestigated: infants, children, and adults. A fourth scenario was used to determine an average risk for an entire lifetime. A Monte Carlo simulation was carried out to assess uncertainty propagation. The preponderant trace metals in reused rain-water were zinc, iron, aluminium and copper, with average concentrations equal to 4.40x10-1 mg.L-1, 5.43x10-2 mg.L-1, 5.27x10-2 mg.L-1 and 2.06x10-2 mg.L-1, respectively. When maximum concentration values were used in calculations, hazard quotients did not exceed 6.4x10-2, i.e., about 10% of the risk limit. The highest hazard quotients observed for a person during his or her entire lifespan were found for zinc (6.4x10-2) and lead (4.5x10-2). These health risk assessment results showed that no risk of non-carcinogenic effects from trace metals could be expected from the harvest and reuse of rainwater for domestic activities.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Parlar Scientific Publications editor. The definitive version is available at http://80.153.205.9:8080/PSP/
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA
Other partners > Veolia Environnement (FRANCE)
Laboratory name:
Laboratoire de Chimie Agro-Industrielle - LCA (Toulouse, France) - Centre d'Application et de Traitement des Agroressources - CATAR-CRITT Agroressources
Laboratoire de Chimie Agro-Industrielle - LCA (Toulouse, France)
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Deposited By: Claire VIALLE

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