Bassil, Ayman and Puech, Pascal and Landa, Georges and Bacsa, Wolfgang and Barrau, Sophie and Demont, Philippe and Lacabanne, Colette and Perez, Emile and Bacsa, Revathi and Flahaut, Emmanuel and Peigney, Alain and Laurent, Christophe Spectroscopic detection of carbon nanotube interaction with amphiphilic molecules in epoxy resin composites. (2005) Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 97 (n° 3). pp. 1-5. ISSN 0021-8979
(Document in English)
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1846136
Incorporation of carbon nanotubes into epoxy resin composites has the effect of increasing electrical conductivity at low percolation levels. An amphiphilic molecule such as palmitic acid has been used to increase the surface contact area and improve the dispersion of the carbon nanotube bundles in the prepolymer. The chemical environment of the dispersed nanotubes has been probed using vibrational Raman spectroscopy. Spectroscopic Raman maps, on sample surfaces (60x60 µm2) with ratios of nanotubes to palmitic acid varying from 1:2 to 2:1 by weight, have been recorded to test the uniformity of the dispersion. Substantial spatial inhomogeneities have been observed in the G-band shift and an additional spectral band at 1450 cm-1. The 1450 cm-1 band has been attributed to the CH3 group of the amphiphilic molecules adsorbed onto the nanotube surface. The maps are correlated with the measured electrical conductivity values. The highest conductivity has been observed for the best dispersed nanotubes and nanotubes with the highest degree of interaction.
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