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Catalytic CVD Synthesis of Double and Triple-walled Carbon Nanotubes by the Control of the Catalyst Preparation

Flahaut, Emmanuel and Laurent, Christophe and Peigney, Alain Catalytic CVD Synthesis of Double and Triple-walled Carbon Nanotubes by the Control of the Catalyst Preparation. (2005) Carbon, vol. 4 (n° 2). pp. 375-383. ISSN 0008-6223

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2004.09.021

Abstract

We report the influence of catalyst preparation conditions for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by catalytic chemical vapour deposition (CCVD). Catalysts were prepared by the combustion route using either urea or citric acid as the fuel. We found that the milder combustion conditions obtained in the case of citric acid can either limit the formation of carbon nanofibres (defined as carbon structures not composed of perfectly co-axial walls or only partially tubular) or increase the selectivity of the CCVD synthesis towards CNTs with fewer walls, depending on the catalyst composition. It is thus for example possible in the same CCVD conditions to prepare (with a catalyst of identical chemical composition) either a sample containing more than 90% double- and triple-walled CNTs, or a sample containing almost 80% double-walled CNTs.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Carbon website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00086223
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
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Deposited By:Thomas Bonnecarere

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