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Filtration characteristics of hollow fiber microfiltration membranes used in a specific double membrane bioreactor

Günther, Jan and Albasi, Claire and Lafforgue, Christine Filtration characteristics of hollow fiber microfiltration membranes used in a specific double membrane bioreactor. (2009) Chemical Engineering and Processing, vol. 48 (n° 7). pp. 1255-1263. ISSN 0255-2701

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cep.2009.05.004

Abstract

The performance of the microfiltration in a specifically designed membrane bioreactor operating under various transmembrane pressures with periodic backwashing was investigated for model media. These media were representative of some usual components of a fermentation medium: BSA solution (2 g L−1), yeast suspension (8 g L−1, dry mass) and a mixture of BSA/yeast (2 g L−1/8 g L−1). In this system, the separation was provided by a 0.1 μm polysulfone hollow fiber membrane. The net permeate fluxes observed for yeast/BSA mixture were proportional to the transmembrane pressure applied (ΔP) but were less than those obtained with water osmosis, showing that, in spite of the periodic backwash, a small amount of irreversible fouling remained. This fouling can be assumed to be due to internal fouling by protein and/or external fouling by a residual yeast cake. Moreover, the net permeate flux obtained with the yeast/BSA mixture was higher than that obtained with the BSA alone, showing that a thin yeast cake probably acted as a primary filtration layer that could protect the polysulfone membrane against protein fouling. These experiments enable operating recommendations to be made for the use of this specific bioreactor concerning the transmembrane pressure value and the possible addition of inert particles.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Elsevier editor. The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com The original PDF of the article can be found at Chemical Engineering and Processing website : http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TFH-4WB3N64-2&_user=805612&_coverDate=07%2F31%2F2009&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_origin=search&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000043979&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=805612&md5=266f66e3c8e72c9d7278a69812599bbc&searchtype=a
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
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Deposited By: Claire ALBASI

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