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Effect of cow diet on the ruminal microflora and its in vitro fatty acid production

Troegeler-Meynadier, Annabelle and Palagiano, Clara and Monteils, Valérie and Cauquil, Laurent and Enjalbert, Francis Effect of cow diet on the ruminal microflora and its in vitro fatty acid production. (2008) In: 6th INRA-RRI Symposium, 18-20 June 2008, Clermont-Ferrand, France . (Unpublished)

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Official URL: https://colloque2.inra.fr/inra-rri2008/

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of donor’s cow diet (hay or maize silage plus concentrates) on ruminal bacteria count, flora diversity and fatty acids profile (FA) of ruminal fluid and in vitro biohydrogenation (BH) of C18:2. Two dry cows fitted with a ruminal canula were used in a 2x2 design. Each period included three weeks of diet adaptation and two weeks of sampling. The cows were fed twice daily either a diet (H) composed of grass (38%) and alfalfa hay (62%) or an acidogenic diet (A) composed of maize silage (38%), wheat (57%) and soybean (5%) meal. Ruminal fluid was sampled and centrifugated (150g, 5min., 39°C). The ruminal fluid (80mL) was mixed with 80mL of buffer, a fermentative substrate and grape seed oil as source of C18:2 before being incubated during 6 hours at 39°C in anaerobic and dark conditions. Biodiversity was estimated by the Simpson index modified by Haegeman et al.1 after SSCP analysis, and FA were analysed by GLC. Bacteria counting was realised according to Oblinger and Koburger2 (1975). Total and cellulolytic bacteria contents were higher in inoculum A than in inoculum H (9.3.109 vs. 2.4.108/mL for total bacteria and 2.4.108 vs. 1.6.107/mL for cellulolytic bacteria). No difference in the biodiversity of the inoculums was noticed according to the cow or the diet, but diversity during period 1 tended to differ (P=0.09) from period 2, suggesting a time variation of flora biodiversity. Before incubation, the ruminal fluid from the cow receiving diet A contained significantly (P<0.01) more C18:2, trans-10 and trans-11 C18:1, and odd-chain FA than inoculum from the cow receiving diet H. After incubation, inoculum A resulted in a significantly (P<0.01) greater BH of C18:2 than inoculum H, and produced more trans-10C18:1, trans-11C18:1 and odd-chain FA (P<0.01) Trans-10 and odd-chain FA are known to be increased by a high concentrate diet, which explains that inoculum A was richer in these FA than inoculum H. The ruminal flora selected in vivo by diet A continued the production of these FA in vitro. The greater content of trans-11C18:1 and of C18:2 in the inoculum A could be explained by the greater content in C18:2 of the diet A. During incubation with added C18:2, inoculum A continued to produce more trans-11 along with a higher C18:2 BH than inoculum H, which could be due to the higher concentration of cellulolytic bacteria in the inoculum A.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Audience (conference):International conference without published proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution: Université de Toulouse > Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse - ENVT
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
French research institutions > Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - INRA
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Annabelle Troegeler
Deposited On:09 Feb 2011 10:41

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