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Impacts of riparian vegetation on hydrological processes

Tabacchi, Eric and Lambs, Luc and Guilloy, Hélène and Planty-Tabacchi, Anne-Marie and Muller, Etienne and Decamps, Henri Impacts of riparian vegetation on hydrological processes. (2000) Hydrological Processes, Vol. 14 (n° 16-17). pp. 2959-2976. ISSN 0885-6087

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1099-1085(200011/12)14:16/17<2959::AID-HYP129>3.0.CO;2-B

Abstract

The main impacts of riparian vegetation on hydrological processes are briefly reviewed in order to highlight needs and perspectives for research and management goals. This review is based upon three distinct influences of riparian vegetation on hydrological processes: (i) the control of runoff, i.e. the physical impact of living and dead plants on hydraulics, (ii) the impact of plant physiology on water uptake, storage and return to the atmosphere, and (iii) the impact of riparian vegetation functioning on water quality. Riparian vegetation influences runoff through complex hydraulic interactions during baseflows as well as overbank flows. The contribution of fine vegetational structures to landscape hydrological roughness needs to be considered in relation to the spatial complexity (patchiness, vertical stratification, rhizosphere) and temporal variability (phenology, succession) of plant communities. With the exception of some woody species, the uptake, storage and return of water to the atmosphere is poorly known for riparian communities, and therefore the assessment of the regional hydrological importance of the riparian corridor remains difficult to estimate. Although better understood than the above two influences of riparian vegetation on hydrological processes, there are still a number of unresolved issues concerning the role of riparian vegetation in controlling water quality. In particular, little is known about the coupling of microbial and vegetational functions in nutrient cycling and the dynamics of carbon release from coarse and fine plant debris. The influence of vegetation complexity and plant diversity on both qualitative and quantitative aspects of water cycling remains an important area for future research. Fundamental and management issues are identified in relation to the use of riparian vegetation as a model and as a tool.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to John Wiley & Sons editor. The definitive version is available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/ The original PDF of the article can be found at Hydrological Processes website : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/%28ISSN%291099-1085
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
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Deposited By: Florence Amor
Deposited On:11 Mar 2011 12:19

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