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The use of stable isotopes to evaluate water mixing and water use by flood plain trees along the Garonne valley.

Lambs, Luc and Loubiat, M and Richardson, William B. The use of stable isotopes to evaluate water mixing and water use by flood plain trees along the Garonne valley. (2003) Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies, Vol. 3 (n° 4). pp. 301-310. ISSN 1025-6016

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10256010310001621100

Abstract

Before the confluence of the Tarn, the Garonne valley was the driest area in the entire south-west of France, due to the relatively low rainfall and low summer discharge of the Garonne River and its tributaries. The natural abundance of the stable isotope of oxygen (18O) and ionic charge of surface and ground water were used to estimate the water source for the Garonne River and phreatic subsurface water. We also measured these constituents in the sap of trees at several flood plain sites to better understand the source of water used by these trees. 18O signatures and conductivity in the Garonne River indicated that the predominance of water was from high altitude surface runoff from the Pyrenees Mountains. Tributary inputs had little effect on isotopic identity, but had a small effect on the conductivity. The isotopic signature and ionic conductivity of river water (delta18O: -9.1 per thousand to -9.0 per thousand, conductivity: 217-410 microS/cm) was distinctly different from groundwater (delta18O: -7.1 per thousand to -6.6 per thousand, conductivity: 600-900 microS/cm). Isotopic signatures from the sap of trees on the flood plain showed that the water source was shallow subsurface water (<30 cm), whereas trees further from the river relied on deeper ground water (>1 m). Trees at both locations maintained sap with ionic charges much greater (2.3-3.7x) than that of source water. The combined use of 18O signatures and ionic conductivity appears to be a potent tool to determine water sources on geographic scales, and source and use patterns by trees at the local forest scale. These analyses also show promise for better understanding of the effects of anthropogenic land-use and water-use changes on flood plain forest dynamics.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to Taylor & Francis editor.The definitive version is available at http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all?content=10.1080/10256010310001621100
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
Institution:French research institutions > Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS
Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III - UPS
Other partners > U.S. Geolological Survey - USGS (USA)
Laboratory name:
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Deposited By: Florence Amor
Deposited On:23 Feb 2011 15:40

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