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Effects of pH and Concentrations of Linoleic and Linolenic Acids on Extent and Intermediates of Ruminal Biohydrogenation in Vitro

Troegeler-Meynadier, Annabelle and Nicot, Marie-Claude and Bayourthe, Corine and Moncoulon, R. and Enjalbert, Francis Effects of pH and Concentrations of Linoleic and Linolenic Acids on Extent and Intermediates of Ruminal Biohydrogenation in Vitro. (2003) Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 8 (n° 12). pp. 4054-4063. ISSN 0022-0302

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Official URL: http://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/PIIS002203020374017X/fulltext

Abstract

Three experiments were conducted by in vitro incubations in ruminal fluid to investigate the effects of pH and amounts of linoleic and linolenic acids on the extent of their biohydrogenation, the proportions of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and trans-C18:1 as intermediates, and the ratio trans-10:trans-11 intermediates. The effects of pH and amount of linoleic acid were investigated in kinetic studies, and effects of the amount of linolenic acid were studied with 6-h incubations. With identical initial amounts of linoleic acid, its disappearance declined when the mean pH during incubation was under 6.0 compared with a mean pH over 6.5, and when the amount of linolenic acid increased from 10 to 180 mg/160-ml flask, suggesting an inhibition of the isomerization step of the biohydrogenation. Low pH decreased the ratio of trans-10:trans-11 intermediates. With initial amounts of linoleic acid increasing from 100 to 300 mg, the percentage of linoleic acid disappearance declined, but the amount that disappeared increased, without modification of the trans-10:trans-11 ratio, suggesting a maximal capacity of isomerization rather than an inhibition. Moreover, increasing initial linoleic acid resulted in high amounts of trans-C18:1 and an increase of C18:0 that was a linear function of time, suggesting a maximal capacity for the second reduction step of biohydrogenation. High amounts of initial linolenic acid did not affect the amounts of CLA, trans-C18:1, or the ratio trans-10:trans-11. Based on these experiments, a ruminal pH near neutrality with high amount of dietary linoleic acid should modulate the reactions of biohydrogenation in a way that supports CLA and trans-11C18:1 in the rumen.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Thanks to the American Dairy Science Association. The definitive version is available at http://www.journalofdairyscience.org/article/PIIS002203020374017X/fulltext
Audience (journal):International peer-reviewed journal
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Institution: Université de Toulouse > Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
Université de Toulouse > Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse - ENVT
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Deposited By:Annabelle Troegeler

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